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The Role of Muslim Women in an Islamic Society

The Role of Muslim Women in an Islamic Society and the stand of the Muslim Brotherhood regarding Womens’ rights to vote, be elected, occupy public and governmental posts, and work in general.

INTRODUCTION
The Status of Women as Defined by Islam The woman is a mother and it is said that “Paradise lies under her feet” (reported by Al Tabarani). In an authentic hadith the Prophet (peace be upon him)(SAAS) was asked by a man: ‘Who is the one most worthy of my care?’. The Prophet replied: ‘Your mother’. The man asked: ‘Then whom?’. He replied: ‘Your mother’.

The man further asked: ‘Then whom?’. He replied: ‘Your mother’. The man asked: ‘Then whom?’. And in this fourth time the Prophet replied: ‘Then your father.’ This shows that Allah has placed the care of the mother as a primary responsibility of her sons.
Allah, exalted be He, says: {Your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him and that you be kind to parents. When one or both of them attains old age in your life, say not to them a word of disrespect, nor repel them but address them in terms of honour.} (Surat Al-Isra’ (17), ayah 23).

A woman is also a daughter and sister and like their male brothers, are born of the same lineage and from the same womb: {He bestows female (offspring) upon whom He wills, and bestows male (offspring) upon whom Him wills.} (Surat Al-Shura (42), ayah 49). The Prophet (SAAS) says: ‘Women are the (equal) sisters of men’.

A woman is also a wife who is a source of comfort for her husband as he is to her: {And among His signs is this, that He created wives from among yourselves, that you may dwell in tranquillity with them, and He has put love and mercy between your (hearts)} (Surat Al-Rum (30), ayah 21). Allah also said: {They are like a garment to you and you are like a garment to them} (Surat Al-Baqara (2), ayah 187)
Women make up half of society and they are responsible for the nurturing, guidance and reformation of the subsequent generations of men and women. It is the female who imbues principles and faith into the souls of the nation.
Allah, exalted be He, created Adam from clay and Eve from Adam, and mankind came from both of them: {O mankind! Fear your Guardian Lord, who created you from a single person, created out of it, his mate, and from them twain scattered (like seeds) countless men and women;} (Surat Al-Nisa (4), ayah 1). {It is He Who created you from a single person, and made his mate of like nature, in order that he might dwell with her (in love).}(Surat Al-A’raf (7), ayah 189).

There is no direct or indirect text in the Islamic Law (Shari’a) that even remotely suggests that women are inherently evil or impure as found in some distorted creeds that attribute lies to God. In fact, the Prophet (SAAS) said in an authentic hadith that ‘A believer is never impure’.
People are differentiated in Islam according to their faith, God-consciousness and good conduct. Allah, exalted be He, says: {O mankind! We created you from a single (pair) of male and female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Verily, the most honourable of you in the sight of Allah is (he who is) the most God-fearing} (Surat AI-Hujurat (49), ayah 13). He also says: {And their Lord has accepted of them, and answered them: ‘Never will I suffer to be lost the work of any of you, be he male or female: you are members, one of another’,} (Surat Al-Imran (3), ayah 195). {Whoever works righteousness, whether male or female, and has faith, verily, to him will We give a life that is good and pure, and We will bestow on such their reward according to the best of their actions.} (Surat Al-Nahl (16), ayah 97). mankind! Verily We have created your from a single (pair) of a male and a female,m and made you into nations and tribes that you may know each other… (Qur’an, 49:13; cf. 4:1).

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